Professor of Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering, Aalto University, Finland
Neuroscience and Medical Technology
Risto Ilmoniemi is a physicist and neuroscientist at Aalto University, Finland; he is the Head of the Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering. He has built and designed multichannel MEG instruments and invented for MEG use the minimum-norm estimate (together with Matti Hämäläinen), the signal-space projection, formulas for the forward problem, the channel-capacity measure for comparing sensor arrays, and the triangle phantom. With his group, he has developed several transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) techniques such as navigated TMS (nTMS), the combined use of TMS and EEG, and multi-locus TMS. He is founder and former CEO of Nexstim Plc, the company that brought E-field-navigated TMS and TMS–EEG to the market. As professor of Applied Physics since 2006, he has led the development of new technologies and methods for hybrid MEG–MRI and for TMS. He is currently also the Chair of the Biodesign Finland Program. At Aalto University, he has lectured on classical electromagnetism, functional imaging, MEG and EEG, and human neuroanatomy and neurophysiology. Together with Prof. Emeritus Jukka Sarvas, he is author of the book Brain Signals (MIT Press, 2019). As coordinator of the ERC Synergy project ConnectToBrain (2019–2026; with Gian Luca Romani and Ulf Ziemann), he has been developing a new paradigm for brain stimulation and therapy based on algorithmically controlled, closed-loop multilocus TMS. In September 2021, he was nominated Distinguished Professor at Aalto University.